What Students will learn in Gr-1

Grade 1 

General Outcome 1 (Gr. 1)

Students will listen, speak, read, write, view and represent to explore thoughts, ideas, feelings and experiences.

1.1 Discover and Explore

Express ideas and develop understanding

  • share personal experiences that are clearly related to oral, print and other media texts
  • talk with others about something recently learned
  • make observations about activities, experiences with oral, print and other media texts

Experiment with language and forms

  • experiment with different ways of exploring and developing stories, ideas and experiences

Express preferences

  • express preferences for a variety of oral, print and other media texts

Set goals

  • choose to read and write for and with others

1.2 Clarify and Extend

Consider the ideas of others

  • listen and respond appropriately to experiences and feelings shared by others

Combine ideas

  • group ideas and information into categories determined by an adult

Extend understanding

  • ask questions to get additional ideas and information on topics of interest

General Outcome 2 (Gr. 1)

Students will listen, speak, read, write, view and represent to comprehend and respond personally and critically to oral, print and other media texts.

2.1 Use Strategies and Cues

Use prior knowledge

  • use knowledge of how oral language is used in a variety of contexts to construct and confirm meaning
  • use previous experience and knowledge of oral language to make connections to the meaning of oral, print and other media texts
  • use knowledge of context, pictures, letters, words, sentences, predictable patterns and rhymes in a variety of oral, print and other media texts to construct and confirm meaning
  • use knowledge of print, pictures, book covers and title pages to construct and confirm meaning

Use comprehension strategies

  • use language prediction skills to identify unknown words within the context of a sentence
  • use a variety of strategies, such as making predictions, rereading and reading on
  • talk about print or other media texts previously read or viewed
  • identify the main idea or topic of simple narrative and expository texts
  • identify by sight some familiar words from favourite print texts
  • identify high frequency words by sight
  • read aloud with some fluency and accuracy, after rehearsal
  • self-correct when reading does not make sense, using cues such as pictures, context, phonics, grammatical awareness and background knowledge

Use textual cues

  • preview book cover, pictures and location of text to assist with constructing and confirming meaning
  • use word boundaries, capital letters, periods, question marks and exclamation marks to assist with constructing and confirming meaning during oral and silent reading

Use phonics and structural analysis

  • segment and blend sounds in words spoken or heard
  • use phonic knowledge and skills to read unfamiliar words in context
  • use analogy to generate and read phonically regular word families
  • associate sounds with letters and some letter clusters

Use references

  • use a displayed alphabet as an aid when writing
  • use personal word books, print texts and environmental print to assist with writing
  • name and match the upper and lower case forms of letters

2.2 Respond to Texts

Experience various texts

  • participate in shared listening, reading and viewing experiences, using oral, print and other media texts from a variety of cultural traditions and genres, such as poems, storytelling by elders, pattern books, audiotapes, stories and cartoons
  • illustrate and enact stories, rhymes and songs
  • remember and retell familiar stories and rhymes

Construct meaning from texts

  • relate aspects of stories and characters to personal feelings and experiences
  • retell interesting or important aspects of oral, print and other media texts
  • tell or represent the beginning, middle and end of stories
  • tell, represent or write about experiences similar or related to those in oral, print and other media texts
  • tell what was liked or disliked about oral, print and other media texts

Appreciate the artistry of texts

  • identify how words can imitate sounds and create special effects
  • experiment with repetition, rhyme and rhythm to create effects in own oral, print and other media texts

2.3 Understand Forms, Elements and Techniques

Understand forms and genres

  • distinguish differences in the ways various oral, print and other media texts are organized
  • identify various forms of media texts

Understand techniques and elements

  • know that stories have beginnings, middles and endings
  • tell what characters do or what happens to them in a variety of ral, print and other media texts

Experiment with language

  • demonstrate interest in repetition, rhyme and rhythm in shared language experiences, such as action songs and word play

2.4 Create Original Text

Generate ideas

  • generate and contribute ideas for individual or group oral, print and other media texts

Elaborate on the expression of ideas

  • change, extend or complete rhymes, rhythms and sounds in pattern stories, poems, nursery rhymes and other oral, print and other media texts

Structure texts

  • write, represent and tell brief narratives about own ideas and experiences
  • recall and retell or represent favourite stories

General Outcome 3 (Gr. 1)

Students will listen, speak, read, write, view and represent to manage ideas and information.

3.1 Plan and Focus

Focus attention

  • explore and share own ideas on topics of discussion and study
  • connect information from oral, print and other media texts to topics of study

Determine information needs

  • ask and answer questions to satisfy information needs on a specific topic

Plan to gather information

  • follow spoken directions for gathering ideas and information

3.2 Select and Process

Use a variety of sources

  • find information on a topic, using a variety of sources, such as picture books, concept books, people and field trips

Access information

  • use text features, such as illustrations, titles and opening shots in video programs, to access information
  • use questions to find specific information in oral, print and other media texts
  • understand that library materials are organized systematically

Evaluate sources

  • match information to research needs

3.3 Organize, Record and Evaluate

Organize information

  • identify or categorize information according to sequence, or similarities and differences
  • list related ideas and information on a topic, and make statements to accompany pictures

Record information

  • represent and explain key facts and ideas in own words

Evaluate information

  • recognize and use gathered information to communicate new learning

3.4 Share and Review

Share ideas and information

  • share ideas and information from oral, print and other media texts with familiar audiences
  • answer questions directly related to texts

Review research process

  • talk about information gathering experiences by describing what was interesting, valuable or helpful

General Outcome 4 (Gr. 1)

Students will listen, speak, read, write, view and represent to enhance the clarity and artistry of communication.

4.1 Enhance and Improve

Appraise own and others’ work

  • ask or respond to questions or comments related to the content of own or others’ pictures, stories or talk

Revise and edit

  • rephrase by adding or deleting words, ideas or information to make better sense
  • check for obvious spelling errors and missing words

Enhance legibility

  • print letters legibly from left to right, using lines on a page as a guide
  • use appropriate spacing between letters in words and between words in sentences
  • explore and use the keyboard to produce text

Expand knowledge of language

  • identify and use an increasing number of words and phrases related to personal interests and topics of study
  • experiment with letters, sounds, words and word patterns to learn new words

Enhance artistry

  • use words and pictures to add sensory detail in oral, print and other media texts

4.2 Attend to Conventions

Attend to grammar and usage

  • speak in complete statements, as appropriate
  • write simple statements, demonstrating awareness of capital letters and periods

Attend to spelling

  • use knowledge of consonant and short vowel sounds to spell phonically regular one syllable words in own writing
  • spell phonically irregular high frequency words in own writing
  • use phonic knowledge and skills and visual memory to attempt spelling of words needed for writing
  • know that words have conventionally accepted spellings

Attend to capitalization and punctuation

  • capitalize the first letter of names and the pronoun “I” in own writing
  • identify periods, exclamation marks and question marks when reading, and use them to assist comprehension

4.3 Present and Share

Present information

  • present ideas and information to a familiar audience, and respond to questions

Enhance presentation

  • add such details as labels, captions and pictures to oral, print and other media texts

Use effective oral and visual communication

  • speak in a clear voice, with appropriate volume, to an audience

Demonstrate attentive listening and viewing

  • ask questions to clarify information
  • be attentive and show interest during listening or viewing activities

General Outcome 5 (Gr. 1)

Students will listen, speak, read, write, view and represent to respect, support and collaborate with others.

5.1 Respect Others and Strengthen Community

Appreciate diversity

  • share personal experiences and family traditions related to oral, print and other media texts

Relate texts to culture

  • talk about other times, places and people after exploring oral, print and other media texts from various communities

Celebrate accomplishments and events

  • share ideas and experiences through conversation, puppet plays, dramatic scenes and songs to celebrate individual and class accomplishments

Use language to show respect

  • use appropriate words, phrases and sentences to ask questions, to seek and give assistance, and to take turns

5.2 Work within a Group

Cooperate with others

  • work in partnerships and groups
  • help others and ask others for help

Work in groups

  • ask questions and contribute ideas related to class investigations on topics of interest
  • take turns sharing ideas and information

Evaluate group process

  • recognize personal contributions to group process